TERMS OF REFERENCE
Explosive Ordnance Risk Education Strategy review
Mine Risk Education in Thailand
Myanmar-Thailand Regional Programme
Handicap International runs its program under the operating name Humanity & Inclusion (HI). HI is an independent and impartial aid organisation working in situations of poverty and exclusion, conflict and disaster. HI works alongside people with disabilities and vulnerable populations, taking action and bearing witness in order to respond to their essential needs, improve their living conditions and promote respect for their dignity and their fundamental rights. HI is currently implementing projects in more than 60 countries worldwide, including Thailand.
Thailand has been one of the main countries hosting asylum-seekers and refugees from Myanmar for more than three decades. Currently, more than 80,000 people live in nine temporary shelters along the Thai-Myanmar border.
In 2016, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), jointly with the Royal Thai Government (RTG) and the Government of the Union of Myanmar (GoUM) launched a Facilitated Voluntary Repatriation Process (FVR) to support the return of refugees. Nevertheless, this process is still very incipient as refugees feel a lot of uncertainty regarding their future to Myanmar.
Large areas of Myanmar remain contaminated with landmines and other explosive ordnance (EO), as a legacy of decades of armed conflict between the national government and a range of ethnic armed groups. Existing data indicates that Myanmar has one of the most severe landmine problems in the world today. It is believed that most of the areas of origin and potentially of return for Myanmar refugees remain of concern in terms of safety and security for the civilian populations.
HI started working in Thailand in 1982 and first focused its actions on the delivery of mobility and assistive devices to Cambodian and Burmese landmine victims, most of who needed lower limb prostheses. Since 1998, the scope of projects broadened and HI started providing physical rehabilitation services to persons with disabilities, as well as promoting inclusion within mainstream service providers.
Risk Education (RE) was delivered by HI in camps along the border from 2000 to 2008 and then was interrupted. After an official demand from camp leaders in May 2012, HI started in July 2012 a new RE project in the 9 refugee camps, with a focus on at-high risk groups (children, travellers, returnees, boarding students).
In addition to the RE project, HI implements 3 other projects at the moment, in Thailand:
EO Risk Education (RE)
Nine camps namely Mae La, Umpiem, and Nu Po, in Tak province, Mae La Oon, Mae Ra Ma Luang, Ban Mae Surin and Ban Mai Nai Soi camps in Mae Hong Son province, and Band Don Yang and Tham Hin camps in Kanchanaburi province situated along the Myanmar-Thailand Border
Target groups (Beneficiaries)
All camp population including most at risk groups such as travellers, children, and refugees willing to return to Myanmar
Bureau of Population Refugee and Migrant (BPRM)
A RE Pre-Impact Assessment was conducted in November 2012 and Post-Impact Assessments (PIA) were regularly conducted to analyse feedback on changes and adoption of safe behaviours: in November 2013, September 2015, April 2018 and September 2019. This last PIA, unlike the previous ones, has not been conducted by a consultant, but internally, by HI staff, following the methodology of the previous PIAs.
The results obtained with the 2019 PIA have showed high level of knowledge on mine and other EO in the nine camps, with a significantly good level of correct attitudes and practices.
It however seems unrealistic that a large majority of more than 80,000 refugees living along the Thai-Myanmar border are fully knowledgeable and adopt safe behaviours encountering a mine or other EO. A rapid survey done in May 2020 has shown that when answering open questions, interviewees have a much lower knowledge of the risk and how to avoid it. The PIA methodology seems to have some limitations and does not allow to draw substantive conclusion on the impact of HI’s action. There is therefore a need to review this methodology (questionnaire and protocol) to be more relevant to the context.
RE IEC materials have been reviewed in mid-2019 and updated but it seems the current approach is more focusing on knowledge than attitude and practice.
On the whole, there is a need determine the actual impact of the RE project and the lessons to be learnt from 8 years of RE activities implementation.
The overall objective of the consultancy is to support the RE team in enhancing the RE activities, review and adjust the methodology to assess the RE’s impact, especially in terms of attitude and behaviour, and provide lessons-learnt and recommendations for next programming (which may include defining an exit strategy).
The exact methodology should be proposed by the consultant/s in the application documents, and could consist in:
The methodology should be participatory, taking into account the opinions of the different stakeholders. Inclusive methodologies will need to be developed for people with any type of disabilities to be reached and able to express their views.
The methodology should include both quantitative and qualitative data collected through:
- secondary data review (HI program documents, HI RE methodology and tools)
- IDIs, FGDs, PFGDs, and KIIs with various community members, ranging from HI teams members (Country Manager, MEAL manager, RE national teams and camp-based staff, HQ technical advisor), to camp committee members and UNHCR, NGOs, CBOs workers (including HI camp-based staff).
The consultancy will consist in:
All the documents should be delivered in English (good quality English but easy to understand by local communities who are not fluent in English).
NB: For reasons of confidentiality, the report remains the intellectual property of HI exclusively.
The consultancy should start no later than 20th July 2020. The final deadline for the submission of the consultancy report is 14th September, 2020. The consultancy will be planned in accordance with HI project team and depend on activities planned for the proposed timeframe.
The consultancy can be carried out by an individual consultant or a team of consultants.
If a team of experts is selected, the evaluation will be put under the responsibility of one team leader chosen among the team of experts. This person will ensure all communication with HI Thailand office and will be the sole responsible party for managing the organization of the research.
Consultants based in Thailand or with the capacity to sub-grant locally will be privileged due to the travel restrictions related to the covid-19 pandemic.
The consultant or team of consultants should combine the following skills, experience and knowledge:
Proposals from interested consultant(s) should include:
NOTE - Camp/ field visit limitations:
Evaluation of the proposals/ applications will be made through a selection committee through two phases:
Incomplete applications will not be taken into consideration for technical selection.
The deadline for submission of proposals is 30th June 2020 at midnight Thailand time. Applications received after the application deadline will not be considered
Proposals should be submitted to the following email: firstname.lastname@example.org including as subject in the mail: RE consultancy
Only candidates who pass the administrative selection will be taken into consideration for a technical assessment and will be afterwards notified on the final decision. Selected applicants may be invited for a (phone/skype) interview.
HI reserves the right to contact the applicants for further information before the final selection of the selection committee.
HI is committed to protecting children and vulnerable adults from harm. All staff, including consultants, are expected to comply with the Child Protection and PSEAH policies, Code of Conduct and other HI institutional policies. Applicants for this consultancy will be assessed regarding their suitability to work with children and adults with disabilities.
All information shared by the applicants remain confidential.
 Source : The Border Consortium (TBC) https://www.theborderconsortium.org/media/129193/2019-12-December-map-tbc-unhcr.pdf
 The consultant will hire directly Data Entry support and provide the computers for the task.
Contact : email@example.com