TERMS OF REFERENCE for
Protection survey of persons with disabilities in temporary shelters
Handicap International runs its program under the operating name Humanity & Inclusion (HI). HI is an independent and impartial aid organisation working in situations of poverty and exclusion, conflict and disaster. HI works alongside people with disabilities and vulnerable populations, taking action and bearing witness in order to respond to their essential needs, improve their living conditions and promote respect for their dignity and their fundamental rights. HI is currently implementing projects in more than 60 countries worldwide, including Thailand.
Thailand has a long-standing history in receiving refugees from neighbouring countries even though Thailand is not a signatory to the 1951 Refugee Convention or its 1967 Protocol and does not have a formal national asylum framework. Myanmar refugees have been hosted on the Thai-Myanmar border for over three decades. Currently, more than 80,000 refugees live in nine temporary shelters.
Prolonged stay in temporary shelters with limited education, livelihood and other opportunities contribute to a difficult social environment with important protection concerns such as substance abuse, youth offending, early pregnancy/marriage, domestic violence amongst which a high prevalence of Sexual Gender Based Violence (SGBV). Protection coordination bodies exist in the camps, but persons with disabilities are not enough represented and may remain unaware of the referral pathway. The current funding reduction further compromises the protection environment of already very vulnerable refugees. A voluntary repatriation process facilitated by UNHCR has started in 2016. Nevertheless, this process is still very incipient as refugees feel a lot of uncertainty regarding their future in their motherland.
HI started working in Thailand in 1982 and first focused its actions on the delivery of mobility and assistive devices to Cambodian and Burmese landmine victims, most of whom needed lower limb prostheses. Since 1998, the scope of projects broadened and HI started providing broader physical and functional rehabilitation services to persons with disabilities (including through community-based rehabilitation services), support to social inclusion as well as promoting inclusion within mainstream service providers.
HI implements 4 projects at the moment:
Supporting the inclusive and sustainable humanitarian assistance to Burmese refugees towards their resilience and safe voluntary repatriation.
Nine temporary shelters along the Myanmar-Thailand border
Target groups (Beneficiaries)
Camp population, including persons with disabilities
Bureau of Population Refugee and Migrant (BPRM) – United States Government
To improve inclusion of people with disabilities into immediate humanitarian response and sustainable voluntary repatriation process in temporary shelters in Thailand.
The overall objective of the consultancy is to assess the protection risks, needs and resources of persons with disabilities (including children aged 13 to 18 years) in refugee camps
- Who is most at risk of being unsafe? Where, when>
- What makes them especially vulnerable to violence and to other dangers regarding there life/integrity/liberty?
It is already known that people with disabilities – and among them especially women and girls - are facing more protection violations including sexual violence. This assessment will need to develop understanding of the main personal factors which lead – in this particular context – to different protection violations. The specific attention on women and girls with disabilities shall not prevent from understanding how men and boys with disabilities or people with disabilities within different age groups may face different threats. A specific attention will therefore be needed in age, gender and disability and in particular on people with sensorial disabilities, intellectual disabilities as well as with mental health issues.
It is assumed that a lot of factors of risks are held within community’s inability to protect the most vulnerable. This assessment shall not only dig into the misbelief in community on disability leading to protection’s violations amongst persons with disabilities but shall as well investigate what existing protective mechanisms exist and how inclusive they may be to persons with disabilities.
For instance, it is assumed there is a certain level of tolerance for certain types of SGBV, including against persons with disabilities, due to cultural and social customs. This needs to be understood in order to identify community-based leverage to overcome this challenge.
Assess both formal and unformal prevention and response mechanisms including the referral mechanism in place to respond to violence and its level of inclusiveness.
A specific attention needs to be drawn to identification and reporting of violations as well as to coordination among Protection actors.
This should allow assess the gaps in terms of provision of protection services for persons with disabilities.
The exact methodology should be proposed by the consultant or consultants’ team in the application documents.
The survey will be participatory, taking into account the opinions of the different targeted services providers (formal and unformal) and refugees with and without disabilities (including women and girls, men and boys). Inclusive methodologies will need to be developed for people with any type of disabilities to be reached and able to express their views.
The methodology should include both quantitative and qualitative data collected through:
- secondary data review (related to existing protection survey/risk analysis, protection mechanisms already in place and available at camp level)
- IDIs, FGDs, PFGDs, and KIIs with various community members and stakeholders in camps:
-persons with disabilities of all age groups (including children with disabilities aged 13 to 18 years),
- women and girls,
- men and boys,
- camp committee members
- UNHCR, NGOs, CBOs workers (including HI camp-based staff) in Thailand.
The sampling techniques and target groups will be developed by the consultant / or consultants’ team, as well as the survey protocol.
The technical feedback on the tools and outcome will be delivered by the DSI Project Manager, HI Country Manager, MEAL Manager and the relevant HI technical advisors (at field and HQ level) as well as from target groups after testing the questionnaires.
Desk Review phase
Field phase (steps/methodology to be detailed by the consultant)
The consultant will:
- report related to preliminary finding from secondary data review
- the updated survey plan and all proposed tools to be introduced at the end of the desk phase.
The inception report will have to be validated prior launching the field phase. This includes the final assessment protocol including all the data collection tools and training materials.
All reports will be delivered in English (good quality English but easy to understand by local communities who are not fluent in English).
Within the report, confidentiality will be respected when representing personal information. A consent form needs to be used prior taking any photo and doing any interview. Any inclusion of pictures of children will have the statement within the document…. “All names & information about the location of children and family privacy in conformity with HI Child Protection Policy”
NB: For reasons of confidentiality, the survey report remains the intellectual property of HI exclusively.
The survey should start in early July 2020. The final deadline for the submission of the survey report is 14th September, 2020. The consultancy will be planned in accordance with HI project team and depend on activities planned for the proposed timeframe.
The survey can be carried out by an individual consultant or a team of consultants.
If a team of experts is selected, the evaluation will be put under the responsibility of one team leader chosen among the team of experts. This person will ensure all communication with HI Thailand office and will be the sole responsible party for managing the organization of the survey.
The expert or team of experts should combine the following skills, experience and knowledge:
Proposals from interested consultant(s) should include:
For NOTE - Camp/ field visit limitations:
Evaluation of the proposals/ applications will be made through a selection committee through two phases:
Incomplete applications will not be taken into consideration for technical selection.
The deadline for submission of proposals is June 21st, 2020 at midnight Thailand time.
Proposals should be submitted to Mrs. Kamontip TANGSAKUNPRAI at email@example.com.
Only candidates who passed the administrative selection will be taken into consideration for a technical assessment and will be afterwards notified on final decision. Selected applicants may be invited for a (phone/skype) interview.
HI reserves the right to contact the applicants for further information before the final selection of the selection committee.
HI is committed to protecting children and vulnerable adults from harm. All staff, including consultants, are expected to comply with the Child Protection and PSEAH policies, Code of Conduct and other HI institutional policies. Applicants for this consultancy will be assessed regarding their suitability to work with children and adults with disabilities.
All information shared by the applicants remain confidential.
Contact : firstname.lastname@example.org